Gladaitor Weitere Details
Der römische Feldherr Maximus soll die Nachfolge des sterbenden Kaisers Marcus Aurelius antreten. Doch dessen Sohn Commodus will dies verhindern. Er tötet seinen Vater und ordnet die Exekution von Maximus und seiner Familie an. Doch Maximus. Gladiator ist ein mit fünf Oscars prämierter Monumentalfilm aus dem Jahr Er entstand unter der Regie von Ridley Scott und spielte weltweit ca. Gladiatoren (aus lateinisch gladiator, zu gladius für „[Kurz-]Schwert“) waren im antiken Rom Berufskämpfer, die in öffentlichen Schaustellungen gegeneinander. Dort wird er von Proximo (Oliver Reed) gekauft, der die Arenen Roms mit Gladiatoren versorgt. Als Gladiator kommt Maximus in die Hauptstadt, die er als. lenymphea.be: Finden Sie Gladiator (Einzel-DVD) in unserem vielfältigen DVD- & Blu-ray-Angebot. Gratis Versand durch Amazon ab einem Bestellwert von 29€.
Dort wird er von Proximo (Oliver Reed) gekauft, der die Arenen Roms mit Gladiatoren versorgt. Als Gladiator kommt Maximus in die Hauptstadt, die er als. Gladiatoren (aus lateinisch gladiator, zu gladius für „[Kurz-]Schwert“) waren im antiken Rom Berufskämpfer, die in öffentlichen Schaustellungen gegeneinander. Der Film „Gladiator“ mit Superstar Russell Crowe spielte vor zwanzig Jahren viel Geld in die Kassen der Produzenten und ist bis heute äußerst. Gladiator: First Draft Revised. Another asked not to be mentioned in the credits though it was stated in Romme Spielen Gametwist director's commentary that he constantly asked, "where is Gam Spiele proof that certain things were exactly like they say? Book Of Ra Apk 2shared pompa circensis for the similar procession before games were held in the circus. Reduced to slavery, Maximus becomes a gladiator and rises through the ranks of the arena to avenge the murders of his family and his emperor. Relatio8. Roman writing as a whole demonstrates a deep ambivalence towards the gladiatoria munera. Commodus : I doubt if any of the people eat so well as you, Gracchus. Despite the harsh discipline, gladiators represented a substantial investment for their lanista and were otherwise well fed and cared for. Die Konstrukteure kommen auf die Erde und erwecken Maximus wieder zum Lemmings Das Spiel. Jahrhunderts bezeugt. Mark Aurel, der sich seit Jahren an der nördlichen Grenze des Reiches befindet, Casino Online Games einfallende Germanenstämme abzuwehren, sieht sein Ende nahen und möchte Rom dem Volk wieder zurückgeben, also das Kaisertum abschaffen und die Republik wiederherstellen. Wie wir moderieren, erklären Skrill Prepaid Mastercard Erfahrungen in den Nutzungsbedingungen. Dies wird bei den Kampfszenen deutlich, bei denen durch den massiven Gebrauch von brandbombenartigen Geschossen auch Erinnerungen Slot Games For Pc den Vietnamkrieg aufkommen. Es zeigt zwei Gladiatorinnen, die soeben von dem vom Kampf begeisterten Publikum ehrenhaft aus der Arena — nicht jedoch aus der Gladiatorenschule — entlassen werden. Kommentar speichern. Bitte Wetter Costa Rica Aktuell die Datenschutzbestimmungen. Eine solche Hinrichtungsmethode gab Gladaitor in der Antike nicht; in der Kaiserzeit wurde üblicherweise das Schwert benutzt. Allerdings fehlen bei Darstellungen etruskischer Leichenspiele Szenen, die als Gladiatorenkämpfe deutbar wären. Zudem besucht ihn seine frühere Geliebte und Schwester des Kaisers Lucilla. Ferner galt es bei vielen Angehörigen der römischen Oberschicht als schick, sich von einem erfahrenen Kämpfer in der Gladiatur ausbilden zu lassen, ähnlich wie man heute eine Kampfkunst erlernt. Scott war auch von den alten historischen Monumentalfilmen der er und er Jahre fasziniert, besonders von SpartacusQuo Vadis und Ben Hur. Hans Zimmer.
Gladaitor - InhaltsverzeichnisBald wurden sie auch in anderen Teilen des Römischen Reiches nachgeahmt. Aber wo es mal da war, fand ich die Idee ganz spannend, wenn auch nicht besonders gut umgesetzt. Bitte zustimmen. Sie betreibt seine Verbindung zu Senator Gracchus. Seine Familie könnte zum Ritterstand gehören. Riefen sie mitte lass ihn gehen oder missumdann durfte der unterlegene Gladiator lebend die Arena verlassen. Regie - Ridley Scott. Maximus schwächt Als Frau Schnell Geld Verdienen zuvor durch einen Dolchstich in den Brustkorb. Diese E-Mail-Adresse scheint nicht korrekt zu sein — sie muss ein beinhalten und eine existierende Casual Dating Portale z. Zabern, Mainz Ein Bewerbungsvideo dafür könnte sein Auftritt in M. Trotz dieses Zitates ist Gladaitor These, dass Gladiatorenkämpfe die mildere Variante griechischer und römischer Menschenopfer zu Ehren Verstorbener waren, nach Auffassung einiger Leverkusen Fc nicht zutreffend. Wer sich gegen den Gladiatorenkampf aussprach, sprach sich auch Unibet Com die Institution des Kaisers aus. Dazu erhielt Russell Scatter Slots Tipps die Auszeichnung als bester Schauspieler. Das Forum Boarium — der Viehmarkt nahe der Tiberinsel — war der erste Veranstaltungsort von Gladiatorenkämpfen, die anfangs nur schlichte, primitive Veranstaltungen waren. This 888 Casino Ohne Einzahlung be considered scandalous and noteworthy, rather than common. Roman commentators associated munera with Capua's proverbial luxury and excess. Retrieved Paypal Anleitung 30, Gladiator: Second Draft Revised. Bustuarius is found in Tertullian's De Spectaculis Menu Main Menu. Some mosaics show defeated gladiators kneeling in preparation for the moment of death.
Gladaitor VideoGladiator • Now We Are Free • Hans Zimmer \u0026 Lisa Gerrard Er sollte dem Kaiser auf den Thron folgen, doch stattdessen wird der römische General vom machthungrigen Sohn des verstorbenen Herrschers zum Tode. Im Sandalen-Epos Gladiator muss sich Russell Crowe durch sämtliche Arenen kämpfen, um sich an seinem Erzfeind Joaquin Phoenix für den Mord an seiner. Der Film „Gladiator“ mit Superstar Russell Crowe spielte vor zwanzig Jahren viel Geld in die Kassen der Produzenten und ist bis heute äußerst. Als Gladiator kämpft er schließlich in der Arena vor seinem Erzfeind, Kaiser Commodus (Joaquin Phoenix) Ein kolossales Epos, für das Russell Crowe einen. lenymphea.be: Dass Ridley Scott eine Fortsetzung zu seinem Historien-Epos „Gladiator“ drehen will, ist längst bekannt. Doch nun.
Alternate Versions. Rate This. A former Roman General sets out to exact vengeance against the corrupt emperor who murdered his family and sent him into slavery.
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Top Rated Movies 42 Won 5 Oscars. Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Russell Crowe Maximus Joaquin Phoenix Commodus Connie Nielsen Lucilla Oliver Reed Proximo Richard Harris Marcus Aurelius Derek Jacobi Gracchus Djimon Hounsou Juba David Schofield Falco John Shrapnel Gaius Tomas Arana Quintus Ralf Moeller Hagen Spencer Treat Clark Lucius David Hemmings Cassius Tommy Flanagan Cicero Sven-Ole Thorsen Edit Did You Know?
Trivia Sir Richard Harris would frequently ignore any newly re-written scenes, as he couldn't be bothered to relearn his lines. Goofs After Maximus stabs his opponent in the foot with the ax, a shot of his feet shows him falling, and the ax has disappeared.
In the far shot, Maximus picks up the ax, which is on the ground between the other guy's feet. To speak FOR the people.
Commodus : I doubt if any of the people eat so well as you, Gracchus. Or have such splendid mistresses, Gaius. Alternate Versions The first printing of the bonus disc from the 'Signature Selection' DVD release contains a documentary about the links between sport and violence which includes a picture from the Hillsborough football disaster.
After complaints from a support group for relatives of the victims the picture was removed from subsequent pressings. Was this review helpful to you?
Yes No Report this. Q: Isn't Maximus' accent a bit "off", compared to the other characters'? Language: English. Runtime: min min Extended Edition.
Color: Color. The emperor Constantine I actually abolished gladiatorial games in ce but apparently without much effect, since they were again abolished by the emperor Honorius — and may perhaps even have continued for a century after that.
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Nevertheless, there is some evidence that the latter contests were actually more popular than the former. Indeed, the munera , which pitted man against man, and the venationes , which set men against animals, became popular even in the Greek-speaking Eastern Empire, which historians once….
Gladiator s were trained in schools ludi by professional instructors doctores. Beginners practiced with a wooden sword called a rudis. More-advanced training took place with weapons that were somewhat heavier than those used in actual combat.
The men used in these exhibitions were either captives, condemned criminals, or professional animal hunters. Originating in the 2nd century bc as part of the games of the circus, such displays were immensely popular with the Roman public.
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Pliny the Elder gives vivid examples of the popularity of gladiator portraiture in Antium and an artistic treat laid on by an adoptive aristocrat for the solidly plebeian citizens of the Roman Aventine :.
When a freedman of Nero was giving a gladiatorial show at Antium , the public porticoes were covered with paintings, so we are told, containing life-like portraits of all the gladiators and assistants.
This portraiture of gladiators has been the highest interest in art for many centuries now, but it was Gaius Terentius who began the practice of having pictures made of gladiatorial shows and exhibited in public; in honour of his grandfather who had adopted him he provided thirty pairs of Gladiators in the Forum for three consecutive days, and exhibited a picture of the matches in the Grove of Diana.
Some Roman reenactors attempt to recreate Roman gladiator troupes. Some of these groups are part of larger Roman reenactment groups, and others are wholly independent, though they might participate in larger demonstrations of Roman reenacting or historical reenacting in general.
These groups usually focus on portraying mock gladiatorial combat in as accurate a manner as possible. Secutor, Thraex vs. Gladiator fights have been depicted in a number of peplum films also known as "sword-and-sandal" movies.
This is a genre of largely Italian-made historical epics costume dramas that dominated the Italian film industry from to They can be immediately differentiated from the competing Hollywood product by their use of dubbing.
The pepla attempted to emulate the big-budget Hollywood historical epics of the time, such as Spartacus. Inspired by the success of Spartacus , there were a number of Italian peplums that emphasized the gladiatorial arena fights in their plots, with it becoming almost a peplum subgenre in itself; One group of supermen known as "The Ten Gladiators" appeared in a trilogy, all three films starring Dan Vadis in the lead role.
Grier and Markov portray female gladiators in ancient Rome, who have been enslaved and must fight for their freedom. Crowe portrays a fictional Roman general who is reduced to slavery and then rises through the ranks of the gladiatorial arena to avenge the murder of his family.
Amazons and Gladiators is a drama action adventure film directed and written by Zachary Weintraub starring Patrick Bergin and Jennifer Rubin.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Roman combatant for entertainment. For other uses, see Gladiator disambiguation.
Main article: List of Roman gladiator types. Main article: Gladiatrix. See also: Pollice verso. Shin guard depicting Venus Euploia on a ship shaped like a dolphin.
Heart-shaped spear head found in the gladiator barracks in Pompeii. Main article: List of Roman amphitheatres. Gladiator show fight in Trier in Nimes , Carnuntum , Austria, Play media.
This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.
December Learn how and when to remove this template message. History portal. Nicolaus cites Posidonius 's support for a Celtic origin and Hermippus' for a Mantinean therefore Greek origin.
Futrell is citing Livy, 9. Paestum was colonized by Rome in BC. Livy's account summary 16 places beast-hunts and gladiatorial munera within this single munus.
See Welch , p. Welch is citing Ausanius: Seneca simply says they were "war captives". Evidence of "Samnite" as an insult in earlier writings fades as Samnium is absorbed into the Republic.
Quoted in Futrell , pp. Livy's published works are often embellished with illustrative rhetorical detail. See Gladiator types.
Welch is citing Livy, The Aemilii Lepidii were one of the most important families in Rome at the time, and probably owned a gladiator school ludus.
Wiedemann is citing Valerius Maximus, 2. Gladiator gangs were used by Caesar and others to overawe and "persuade". Gladiators could be enrolled to serve noble households; some household slaves may have been raised and trained for this.
For more details see Plutarch's Julius Caesar , 5. See also Pliny's Historia Naturalis , Antiochus IV Epiphanes of Greece was keen to upstage his Roman allies, but gladiators were becoming increasingly expensive, and to save costs, all his were local volunteers.
Kyle is citing Cicero's Lex Tullia Ambitu. Wiedemann is citing Cassius Dio, Augustus's games each involved an average gladiator pairs.
Brown is citing Dio Cassius, De Spectaculis , Compared to "pagan" noxii , Christian deaths in the arena would have been few.
Relatio , 8. See Theoderet's Historia Ecclesiastica , 5. The Jewish War , 6. C, at Lewis and Short Perseus Project. See also Cassius Dio's accusation of entrapment by informers to provide "arena slaves" under Claudius; Futrell , p.
Futrell is citing Cassius Dio. Lives , "Tiberius", 7. Lives , "Nero", Fox is citing Pliny. Commodus , 73 Epitome. Commodus was assassinated and posthumously declared a public enemy but was later deified.
Based on fragmentary Pompeian remains and citing of Pliny's Historia Naturalis , Retrieved 21 April Moral Essays , B fully cited in Futrell , pp.
Gladiatorial banquet on mosaic, El Djem. See pompa circensis for the similar procession before games were held in the circus.
Futrell is citing Seneca's On Providence , 3. Author's drawing. In the Eastern provinces of the later Empire the state archiereis combined the roles of editor , Imperial cult priest and lanista , giving gladiatoria munera in which the use of sharp weapons seems an exceptional honour.
CS1 maint: location link Fagan speculates that Nero was perversely defying the crowd's expectations, or perhaps trying to please a different kind of crowd.
Liber de Spectaculis , Kyle is citing Robert. This is evidenced on a roughly inscribed libellus. Representations 27 : 27, 28, note Lives , "Caligula", Futrell is citing Cicero's Tuscullan Disputations , 2.
Marks on the bones of several gladiators suggest a sword thrust into the base of the throat and down towards the heart.
Tertullian describes these events as examples of hollow impiety, in which Rome's false deities are acceptably impersonated by low and murderous persons for the purposes of human sacrifice and evil entertainment.
See Kyle , pp. Lives , "Tiberius", Suetonius has the populace wish the same fate on Tiberius 's body, a form of damnatio : to be thrown in the Tiber, or left unburied, or "dragged with the hook".
Bulletin of the Institute of Classical Studies. The single name form on a gladiator memorial usually indicates a slave, two a freedman or discharged auctoratus and, very rare among gladiators, three " tria nomina " a freedman or a full Roman citizen.
See also vroma. Futrell is citing Robert, 12, 24, and Futrell is citing Robert, Futrell is citing George Ville. Edict , Book 6; Futrell , pp.
Futrell is citing Digest , 3. Letters , This had probably began under Augustus. Futrell is citing Petronius's Satyricon , See also Tiberius's inducement to re-enlist.
Satyricon , "He vows to endure to be burned, to be bound, to be beaten, and to be killed by the sword. Futrell is citing Quintilian's Oratorical Institute , 5.
Futrell is citing Epictetus's Discourse , 3. Facial stigmata represented extreme social degradation. Futrell is citing Juvenal's Satire , 6 [Oxford Fragment 7.
The burning alive of a soldier who refused to become an auctoratus at a Spanish school in 43 BC is exceptional only because he was a citizen, technically exempt from such compulsion and penalty.
AD — Implications for Differences in Diet". Bibcode : PLoSO Times Online. Archived from the original on 29 April Retrieved 24 March Manumission was seldom absolute.
Terms of release were negotiated between master and slave; Digests Metamorphoses , 4. A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities. Futrell is citing Tertullian's De Spectaculis , Futrell is citing Plutarch's Moral Essays , B.
Barton is citing Cassius Dio, Bronze tablet found at Larino, Italy, and published in Futrell is citing Cassius Dio, Barton is citing Juvenal, 8.
The American Journal of Philology. Caius Gracchus , The provision of permanent seating was thought a particularly objectionable luxury.
Futrell is citing Martial's Epigrams , 5. Welch is citing CIL , X. Potter and Mattingly are citing Pliny the Elder, The amphitheatre was commissioned by T.
Statilius Taurus. According to Pliny, its three storeys were marble-clad, housed 3, bronze statues and seated 80, spectators. It was probably wooden-framed in part.
Even emperors who disliked munera were thus obliged to attend them. Lives , "Augustus", See also Tacitus's Annals , It was notably fulfilled and celebrated in the battlefield devotio of two consular Decii ; firstly by the father and later by his son.
Mattern is citing Tacitus's Annals , 1. Mattern is citing Cassius Dio, 72, Futrell is citing Cicero's Letters to Friends , 2.
Barton is citing Seneca's Suasoriae , 6. For bustuarius , with reference to Clodius's alleged impious disturbance at the funeral of Marius , see Cicero's In Pisonem Against Piso.
See Bagnani , p. Cicero's unflattering references to Marcus Antonius as gladiator are in his 2nd Philippic.
Tacitus, in Annals Roman commentators associated munera with Capua's proverbial luxury and excess. Futrell is citing Lucian's Toxaris , 58— This should be considered scandalous and noteworthy, rather than common.
Satires , 6. Commentary on the "Aeneid" of Vergil , De Spectaculis , 22; Kyle , p. Bustuarius is found in Tertullian's De Spectaculis , Hecyra , Prologue II.
Natural History , Retrieved 9 November Auguet, Roland Cruelty and Civilization: The Roman Games. New York, New York: Routledge.
Bagnani, Gilbert January Classical Philology. Barton, Carlin A. Borkowski, J. Andrew; du Plessis, Paul J. Textbook on Roman Law. Brunet, Stephen In Paul Christesen; Donald G.
Kyle eds. Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley Blackwell. Carter, Michael Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies.
Archived from the original PDF on 26 February Coleman, K. The Journal of Roman Studies. Curry, Andrew November—December Retrieved 21 March Edwards, Catherine Death in Ancient Rome.
Everitt, Anthony External Reviews. Metacritic Reviews. Photo Gallery. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits.
Alternate Versions. Rate This. A former Roman General sets out to exact vengeance against the corrupt emperor who murdered his family and sent him into slavery.
Director: Ridley Scott. See Showtimes. Added to Watchlist. From metacritic. New on Netflix India This July Top Movies Bucket List.
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Top Rated Movies 42 Won 5 Oscars. Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Russell Crowe Maximus Joaquin Phoenix Commodus Connie Nielsen Lucilla Oliver Reed Proximo Richard Harris Marcus Aurelius Derek Jacobi Gracchus Djimon Hounsou Juba David Schofield Falco John Shrapnel Gaius Tomas Arana Logan rewrote much of the first act and made the decision to kill off Maximus's family to increase the character's motivation.
You're being directed by Ridley Scott. You play a Roman General. With two weeks to go before filming, the actors complained of problems with the script.
William Nicholson was brought to Shepperton Studios to make Maximus a more sensitive character. Nicholson reworked Maximus' friendship with Juba and developed the afterlife thread in the film, saying, "he did not want to see a film about a man who wanted to kill somebody.
According to a DreamWorks executive, Crowe "tried to rewrite the entire script on the spot. You know the big line in the trailer, 'In this life or the next, I will have my vengeance'?
At first he absolutely refused to say it. Even the character didn't exist on the pages. And that set about a long process, that's probably the first time that I've been in a situation where the script wasn't a complete done deal.
We actually started shooting with about 32 pages and went through them in the first couple of weeks. Here was a situation where we got to Morocco with a crew of and a cast of a or whatever, and I didn't have anything to learn.
I actually didn't know what the scenes were gonna be. We had, I think, one American writer working on it, one English writer working on it, and of course a group of producers who were also adding their ideas, and then Ridley himself; and then, on the occasion where Ridley would say, 'Look, this is the structure for it — what are you gonna say in that?
And this is how things like, 'Strength and honor,' came up. This is how things like, 'At my signal, unleash hell,' came up.
The name Maximus Decimus Meridius, it just flowed well. Maximus' habit of rubbing soil before each fight references the attachment and affection to his former life as a farmer.
In preparation for filming, Scott spent several months developing storyboards to develop the framework of the plot.
The film was shot in three main locations between January and May The opening battle scenes in the forests of Germania were shot in three weeks in the Bourne Woods , near Farnham , Surrey , in England.
In Malta, a replica of about one-third of Rome's Colosseum was built, to a height of 52 feet The complex was serviced by tented "costume villages" that had changing rooms, storage, armorers, and other facilities.
British post-production company The Mill was responsible for much of the computer-generated imagery effects that were added after filming.
The company was responsible for such tricks as compositing real tigers filmed on bluescreen into the fight sequences, and adding smoke trails and extending the flight paths of the opening scene's salvo of flaming arrows to get around regulations on how far they could be shot during filming.
They also used 2, live actors to create a computer-generated crowd of 35, virtual actors that had to look believable and react to fight scenes. An unexpected post-production job was caused by the death of Oliver Reed of a heart attack during the filming in Malta, before all his scenes had been shot.
What Oliver did was much greater. He gave an inspiring, moving performance. All we did was help him finish it. The film is loosely based on real events that occurred within the Roman Empire in the latter half of the 2nd century AD.
As Ridley Scott wanted to portray Roman culture more accurately than in any previous film, he hired several historians as advisors.
Nevertheless, some deviations from historical fact were made to increase interest, maintain narrative continuity, and for practical or safety reasons.
Scott also stated that due to the influence of previous films affecting the public perception of what ancient Rome was like, some historical facts were "too unbelievable" to include.
For instance in an early version of the script, gladiators would have been carrying out product endorsements in the arena; while this would have been historically accurate, it was not filmed for fear that audiences would think it anachronistic.
At least one historical advisor resigned due to these changes. Another asked not to be mentioned in the credits though it was stated in the director's commentary that he constantly asked, "where is the proof that certain things were exactly like they say?
Historian Allen Ward of the University of Connecticut believed that historical accuracy would not have made Gladiator less interesting or exciting, stating, "creative artists need to be granted some poetic license, but that should not be a permit for the wholesale disregard of facts in historical fiction".
Costumes in the film are rarely historically correct. Some of the soldiers wear fantasy helmets. The bands wrapped around their lower arms were rarely worn.
Their appearance is the product of a filmic stereotype whereby historical films depict peoples of antiquity wearing such bands. Although the film is set within the 2nd century AD, the Imperial Gallic armor and the helmets worn by the legionaries are from AD 75, a century earlier.
This was superseded by new designs in AD The legions' standard bearers Aquilifer , centurions , mounted forces , and auxiliaries would have worn scale armour, lorica squamata.
The Roman cavalry are shown using stirrups. This is anachronistic in that the horse-mounted forces of the Roman army used a two-horned saddle, without stirrups.
Stirrups were only employed in filming for safety reasons because of the additional training and skill required to ride with a Roman saddle.
They were reserved primarily for sieges and were rarely used in open battles. Fire arrows and canisters fired from catapults were not used at any point in ancient history.
The Praetorian Guards seen in the film are all wearing purple uniforms. No historical evidence supports that.
On campaign they usually wore standard legionary equipment with some unique decorative elements. In the bird's eye view of Rome when the city is introduced for the first time there are several buildings that did not exist at the time of Gladiator.
For example, the Basilica of Maxentius and Constantine is quite prominent, though it was not completed until AD Early in the story, Commodus regards a statue in his father's tent; the statue has no pupils, a trait commonly seen in fiction about the Roman Empire.
In fact, most statues were thought to have painted eyes and pupils at the time when they were created; it was only through the passage of time that the paint would have worn off, leaving the statues with their blank stares.
The film's plot was influenced by two s Hollywood films of the sword-and-sandal genre, The Fall of the Roman Empire and Spartacus ,  and shares several plot points with The Fall of the Roman Empire , which tells the story of Livius, who, like Maximus in Gladiator , is Marcus Aurelius's intended successor.
Livius is in love with Lucilla and seeks to marry her while Maximus, who is happily married, was formerly in love with her.
Both films portray the death of Marcus Aurelius as an assassination. In Fall of the Roman Empire a group of conspirators independent of Commodus, hoping to profit from Commodus's accession, arrange for Marcus Aurelius to be poisoned; in Gladiator Commodus himself murders his father by smothering him.
In the course of Fall of the Roman Empire Commodus unsuccessfully seeks to win Livius over to his vision of empire in contrast to that of his father, but continues to employ him notwithstanding; in Gladiator , when Commodus fails to secure Maximus's allegiance, he executes Maximus's wife and son and tries unsuccessfully to execute him.
Livius in Fall of the Roman Empire and Maximus in Gladiator kill Commodus in single combat, Livius to save Lucilla and Maximus to avenge the murder of his wife and son, and both do it for the greater good of Rome.
Scott cited Spartacus and Ben-Hur as influences on the film: "These movies were part of my cinema-going youth. Both films also share a specific set piece, wherein a gladiator Maximus here, Woody Strode 's Draba in Spartacus throws his weapon into a spectator box at the end of a match, as well as at least one line of dialogue: "Rome is the mob", said here by Gracchus and by Julius Caesar John Gavin in Spartacus.
The film's depiction of Commodus's entry into Rome borrows imagery from Leni Riefenstahl 's Nazi propaganda film Triumph of the Will , although Scott has pointed out that the iconography of Nazi rallies was itself inspired by the Roman Empire.
Gladiator reflects back on the film by duplicating similar events that occurred in Adolf Hitler 's procession. The Nazi film opens with an aerial view of Hitler arriving in a plane, while Scott shows an aerial view of Rome, quickly followed by a shot of the large crowd of people watching Commodus pass them in a procession with his chariot.
At one point in the Nazi film, a little girl gives flowers to Hitler, while Commodus is met by several girls who all give him bundles of flowers.
Zimmer was originally planning to use Israeli vocalist Ofra Haza for the score, after his work with her in The Prince of Egypt.
However, Haza died in late February , before she was able to record, and so Gerrard was chosen instead. Lisa Gerrard's vocals are similar to her own work on The Insider score.
Some of the music from the film was featured in the NFL playoffs in January before commercial breaks and before and after half-time. The website's critical consensus reads, "Ridley Scott and an excellent cast successfully convey the intensity of Roman gladiatorial combat as well as the political intrigue brewing beneath.
The Battle of Germania was cited by CNN as one of their "favorite on-screen battle scenes",  while Entertainment Weekly named Maximus as their sixth favorite action hero, because of "Crowe's steely, soulful performance",  and named it as their third favorite revenge film.
Conversely, Roger Ebert gave the film 2 out of 4 stars, criticizing the look of the film as "muddy, fuzzy, and indistinct.
Of award nominations, the film won 48 prizes. It was the first movie to win Best Picture without winning either a directing or screenwriting award since All the King's Men at the 22nd Academy Awards in In , Chicago became another Best Picture winner which didn't win an Academy Award in either of these two major categories.
The film's mainstream success is responsible for an increased interest in Roman and classical history in the United States. It's called the 'Gladiator' effect by writers and publishers.
The snob in us likes to believe that it is always books that spin off movies. And not for more Roman screen colossals, but for writing that is serious or fun or both.
The character of Maximus was placed 12th in the Total Film list of 50 best movie heroes and villains  and 35th in the Empire 's Greatest Movie Characters.
The film was first released on DVD on November 21, , and has since been released in several different extended and special edition versions.
Special features for the Blu-ray Disc and DVDs include deleted scenes , trailers , documentaries , commentaries , storyboards , image galleries, Easter eggs , and cast auditions.
The film was released on Blu-ray in September , in a 2-disc edition containing both the theatrical and extended cuts of the film, as part of Paramount 's "Sapphire Series" Paramount acquired the rights to the film when it bought the DreamWorks library in The DVD editions that have been released since the original two-disc version, include a film only single-disc edition as well as a three-disc "extended edition" DVD which was released in August The extended edition DVD features approximately fifteen minutes of additional scenes, most of which appear in the previous release as deleted scenes.
The original cut, which Scott still calls his director's cut, is also select-able via seamless branching which is not included on the UK edition.
The film is on the first disc, the second one has a three-hour documentary into the making of the film by DVD producer Charles de Lauzirika , and the third disc contains supplements.
Discs one and two of the three-disc extended edition were also repackaged and sold as a two-disc "special edition" in the EU in In June , Douglas Wick said a Gladiator prequel was in development.
However, Russell Crowe was interested in resurrecting Maximus, and further researched Roman beliefs about the afterlife to accomplish this.
This includes a suggestion by Parkes that, in order to enable Russell Crowe to return to play Maximus, a sequel could involve a "multi-generational drama about Maximus and the Aureleans and this chapter of Rome", similar in concept to The Godfather Part II.
In , Scott stated he and Crowe approached Nick Cave to rewrite the film, but their ideas conflicted with DreamWorks's idea of a spin-off involving Lucius, whom Scott revealed would turn out to be Maximus's son with Lucilla.